What’s in an Apple

Driving back home following another successful Juice Academy I thought about a question that was asked during the Q&A session. “How do we know that all the nutrients we are saying are in an apple, or any other fruit or vegetable are actually there” My answer would be of course we don’t know, in fact no one really knows, I doubt there will ever come a time when we can truly say we know what nutrients make up an Apple.

So when did all this nonsense begin, my grandma or mother certainly knew nothing about nutrition apart from knowing fruits, vegetables and herbs were good for you. They knew enough about food and herbs to keep them well. Doctors were expensive for that generation so they made sure that a visit to the surgery was the last resort. It wasn’t until July 5th 1948 that Health Secretary Aneurin Bevin launched the NHS and health care became free for all, which, as you can imagine pleased everyone especially my mum as she didn’t have to pay for a midwife when I arrived here on the 31st July in that same year.

The President of the USA Abraham Lincoln launched the Department of Agriculture and the Bureau of Chemistry (now called the Food and Drug Administration) in 1862. Many years later in July 1967 Professor Alastair Frazer, who became the first Director General set up the British Nutrition Foundation. The foundation was set up as an independent organisation to raise the levels of research and education in the field of nutrition. What seems to have been forgotten was his “vision” which was to use nutrition to prevent as well as treat disease. He believed the key to achieve this was to create a closer working relationship between physicians and the food industry. Unfortunately the food industry has changed beyond all recognition since 1967 to the detriment, not the benefit, of our nations health.

That said lets get back to the nutrients in that apple! The scientists have been hard at work for years trying to find out what exactly it is in an apple that can contribute to our health, in fact they could go on for many more years, spending millions of pounds and never find out the true extent of what that apple contains. Numerous expensive studies have been done to prove that children who drank apple juice were less likely to suffer from wheezing. Eating apples can help lower LDL cholesterol, and may help to prevent breast cancer, apples may help protect neuron cells reducing the risk of Alzheimers, or could be just as effective as statins in preventing vascular deaths among people over 50. You can decrease your risk of thrombotic stroke, lower your cholesterol, or lower your risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

They gain all this amazing information by taking out and studying a particular nutrient. If the few nutrients they have discovered to date can do all of this just imagine what this amazing little fruit may be capable of if we only knew the capabilities of the undiscovered ones all working in harmony with each other! Far to complicated for me I will just remember what Mum would tell me often “An apple a day keeps the doctor away”

Nutrients are found in the soil, which are taken up by plants and passed on to us through the exquisitely designed digestive system. If there are no nutrients in soil nothing will grow – so you can be sure if you are eating an apple or any other plant based foods you will be getting a supply of nutrients. Unless of course your are eating GMO foods but that is another huge topic which I wont go into here. My rule of thumb is to eat a rainbow each day as different coloured fruits and veggies have different nutrients, or so we are told! It does make sense to me to eat a variety of different whole-foods each day to ensure a variety of nutritional intake after all eating the whole foods that were provided for us humans has worked for my ancestors for thousands of years so I see no reason why it wouldn’t work for me.

History tells us that humans evolved about 200,000 years ago and civilisation as we know it is 6,000 years old. Agriculture was UK’s biggest economy before Industrialisation started during the 1800s when people began leaving the farms to populate the growing cities, Deaths in the cities were high due to lack of hygiene and sanitary care. We have certainly come a long way since then, science worked hard on finding cures for eradicating diseases like smallpox, cholera, typhoid and tuberculosis. And of course we can never go back but I do think we can learn much from our ancestors, as I said if they had it so wrong for thousands of years we wouldn’t be here today. People are getting fatter and sicker than ever before in our history. We are told this generation will die before their parents – a horrifying thought – so do we really need to know what nutrients are contained within the apple, or any other wholefood – a resounding NO! just eat it, or better still make a delicious juice.

Do we need to know what nutrients are in most of the foods that line the shelves of the supermarket today and constitute a major part of the diet for the majority of our population, a diet that is served to our children in schools, our parents in care homes, and our sick loved ones in hospitals across the breadth of the UK – the answer to this question is YES, YES, YES, There are NONE! All of these precious people need good wholesome nutrition, the kind that will feed them on a cellular level, allowing the body to grow, to keep the brain active, and to keep disease at bay. As I said earlier an apple will grow from the nutrients within the soil, so don’t analyse it just eat it. If an apple will grow from taking up the nutrients from the soil, a child will grow from those same nutrients via the cells of the body, these same nutrients feed the brain so our parents wont need the care homes, and our hospitals will not be overflowing at the seams with people suffering diseases caused by nutritional deficiencies. Just a thought!

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